Takao Iijima (Ay-O)

Takao Iijima (Ay-O) (May 1931 – present)

“There is no doubt that one of the true aims of art is humor…”

– Ay-O

Takao Iijima (also known by his art name ‘Ay-O’) is a Japanese visual and performance artist; he is best known for his ‘rainbow style’ in his painting and printmaking (in Japan, he is known as the ‘Rainbow Man’). He is also known for his ‘Finger Boxes’, as well as his performance events.

In 1961, Yoko Ono introduced Ay-O to George Maciunas; Ay-O started affiliating himself with Fluxus in 1963. Since then he worked closely with fellow Fluxus artists including George Maciunas, Emmett Williams, Dick Higgins and Nam June Paik. Ay-O became a central member of Maciunas’ ‘Tokyo Fluxus’ group together with Yoko Ono in the early 1960s.


​​Biography: https://www.artelino.com/articles/ay-o.asp

Conz Archive biography: http://archivioconz.com/artist/ay-o/

Biography: http://www.myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/ay-o-b-1931

Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo biography: ​​https://www.e-flux.com/announcements/34486/ay-o/

British Museum biography: https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/term/BIOG198

Artland biography: https://www.artland.com/artists/ayo

Biography: https://www.centerforthehumanities.org/programming/participants/ay-o

Biography (German): http://forschung-kuenstlerpublikationen.de/Ay-O.html

Biography & external links: https://en-academic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/4678498 

Conz Archive biography: ​​http://archivioconz.com/artist/ay-o/

Biography: https://www.tiger-tanuki.com/print-14

Visual Exhibits:

MoMA visual exhibits: https://www.moma.org/artists/255

Artnet Visual exhibits: http://www.artnet.com/artists/ay-o/

Visual exhibits: Visual exhibits: http://www.hundertmark-gallery.com/artist-ay-o.0.html

7 artworks on Artsy: https://www.artsy.net/artist/ay-o

Visual exhibits: https://www.fondazionebonotto.org/en/collection/fluxus/ayo

Visual exhibits: https://www.artax.de/takaojijimaayo.html

Finger Box, 1964: https://imma.ie/collection/finger-box/

Fingers Boxes: https://harvardartmuseums.org/collections/person/21154?person=21154


2014 written interview with Ay-O: http://www.kcua.ac.jp/arc/ar/ay-o-oral-history_en/

Written Resources:

‘Rainbow Manifesto’ by Ay-O: https://www.ubu.com/historical/gb/manifestos.pdf

Video Resources:

Video on Japanese prints – Ay-O: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDQTy77EXng&t=28s&ab_channel=artelinoArtAuctions

Ay-O prints: